Express Entry (EE)
Canada uses its Express Entry program as the primary way to manage skilled worker applications. These applications are through three primary economic class immigration programs:
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
- Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
- Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
IRCC takes a maximum of six months to process a permanent residence application. Canada always tries to welcome around 110,000 newcomers through its Express Entry program every year.
Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
The Canadian Experience Class is a significant pathway for all those candidates who have a work experience in Canada and wish to transit to permanent residence.
As well, it is a leading option for international graduates and temporary foreign workers. These people go on to gain Canadian work experience.
The Canadian Experience Class is one of the three programs under the Express Entry system.
Candidates under this program should have a minimum of one year of work experience. Such experience may either be of professional, technical, or skilled work experience within Canada. Such work experience should be within the last 36 months of the date of application.
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
It is Canada’s leading immigration program for workers. This program allows the nation to welcome thousands of immigrants each year. Workers with some foreign work experiences and skills that make them eligible to join Canada’s workforce.
It is necessary to fulfil all the minimum requirements to be suitable for the program.
Candidates under this program may apply with their partner or spouse and kids. IRCC takes a maximum of six months to complete processing the applications.
Federal Skilled Trades Program
It is a dedicated immigration pathway for skilled trades workers. Application through the Federal Skilled Trades Program is one of the several ways to enter Canada as a skilled professional. In addition, this program helps to address Canadian labour shortages in the different trades occupations.
Due to a low birth rate and an aging population, Canada extensively depends on immigration to fulfill its economic growth and labour force demands.
Atlantic Immigration Pilot
The immigration program of Atlantic Canada is different from the rest of the country. It is known as Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP). The AIP is a quick immigration program. It lets employers attract and retain their foreign talents.
Employers who want to enjoy the benefits from the AIP need to find the right candidate for a job. Therefore, there is no need for such employers to carry out a Labour Market Impact Assessment.
Canada has its own sets of immigration pathways that are aimed at foreign caregivers. It helps the caregivers become permanent residents in Canada. Foreign caregivers may enjoy the permanent residence status through the Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP).
The LCP is formally closed for new applicants. However, candidates may apply through this program for permanent residence.
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
Canada provinces allow newcomers to immigrate through the Provincial Nominee Program. Every year, Canada welcomes close to 80,000 newcomers under the PNP.
Apart from Nunavut and Quebec, all the different Canadian provinces and territories have their PNPs. However, the criteria for choosing suitable candidates differ between the regions. Provincial Nominee Programs work Expression of Interest (EOI) systems.
The provincial immigration program of Alberta comprises three streams; The Alberta Express Entry Stream, The Alberta Opportunity Stream, and the Self-Employed Farmer Stream. Foreign nationals who fulfil program-specific criteria receive provincial nominations in Alberta. The candidate should also show interest in staying in the prairie land.
The province of British Columbia has its PNP. It is known as BC PNP. It consists of Express Entry BC, Skills Immigration, as well as, Entrepreneur Immigration Streams. These are further divided into various categories aimed at international students, skilled workers, and professionals with experience, skills, and qualifications.
The provincial immigration program of Manitoba aims to nominate skilled workers and their families who want to stay and work in Manitoba permanently.
The provincial immigration program of New Brunswick aims to invite international graduates, entrepreneurs, skilled workers from the Express Entry program, and skilled workers with supports from employers.
Newfoundland and Labrador
The Newfoundland and Labrador PNP allows applications for immigration from international graduates, entrepreneurs, and skilled workers. These candidates need to fulfil specific program-specific criteria. These include intent to reside, a job or a job offer, and the ability to establish oneself in the province economically.
The Nova Scotia PNP nominates suitable entrepreneurs, skilled workers, professionals, and international graduates who wish to settle in the province forever. There are numerous economic immigration streams in this program. There are three streams aligned with the country’s Express Entry system.
The Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program helps to nominate business owners, international students, and foreign workers with relevant experience, skills, intent on settling, and education.
Prince Edward Island
The Prince Edward Island PNP aims at entrepreneurs, skilled workers, and international graduates who wish to stay and work on the island. The candidates should show an ability to establish themselves economically.
The Saskatchewan PNP is a dedicated immigration program for nominating suitable foreign nationals through several pathways. This includes Occupation In-Demand, and International Skilled Worker: Express Entry categories.
The Northwest Territories PNP accepts applicants under the economic immigration applications to settle in Northern Canada. This is possible under two primary streams; Business and Employer Driven.
The official provincial nomination program for Yukon helps suitable Canadian employers from the northern territory to nominate foreign-trained businesspeople and workers.